While the details vary, there is a general framework for the development process at Mozilla which describes how a change goes from an idea in someone’s head to deployed code on a production webserver. This document attempts to describe that process.
Filing a Bug¶
The first thing that happens is that a bug is filed in the bug tracker of choice for the project. A well-written bug includes:
- A description of the issue, possibly including steps to reproduce or a link to an example if the issue is a problem with the project.
- Information or links to any conversation that is happening outside of the bug, such as a mailing list thread.
- If appropriate, a specified mentor to help new contributors work on the issue.
Depending on the project, the bug may be triaged and assigned a priority and/or milestone, or it may be added to another system for tracking work, such as a kanban board.
Working on the Bug¶
Either someone will voluntarily take a bug, or, in the case of projects with assigned developers actively working on them, it will be assigned to a developer.
The process of fixing a bug involves:
- Marking the bug as assigned to you so that others do not work on the bug at the same time.
- Creating a feature branch in your version control system to isolate your work from the work of others.
- Making the changes required to fix the issue or implement the new feature.
- Writing automated tests to ensure that your changes work as expected, as well as manually testing on your personal development instance of the project.
- Submitting your changes for review by another developer on the project, and updating your changes in response to the review.
- Merging your feature branch back into the main branch used for development.
Git and GitHub¶
For projects using Git and GitHub (which is most Webdev projects), the process can be explained in more detail:
- On GitHub, ensure you have forked the repository for your project to your own account and have added it as a remote to your repository.
- Identify the main development branch for your project. This is usually the
- Make sure the current branch is the development branch and create a new branch off of it for your feature.
- Once your work is committed and ready for review, push the branch to your fork on GitHub and submit a pull request.
- If you know who should review your change, add a comment to your pull request
@Usernamein it and ask for a review (often abbreviated as
Testing and Deployment¶
Once a change is merged into the codebase, it needs to be tested on an actual server and then deployed to production. Typically the lead developer on a project will handle this process and let you know if any effort on your end is required.
A bug is usually marked as resolved when it is merged into the codebase. Depending on the issue tracker being used, the bug may also be marked as verified once the changes are tested and approved.
At this point you should have all the information and tools you need to make your first contribution to Mozilla! Once you’ve submitted your work and gotten it merged, it’s time to celebrate: you’ve earned it!
As you continue to contribute, you may want to check out the Reference to find generally-useful information for contributors of all levels.